Covid-19 in Pakistan

Covid-19 in Pakistan

The Pakistani authorities gave the number 1166 as a helpline on COVID-19 and created a dedicated internet portal, where up-to-date information on the epidemic situation in Pakistan is published.

The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the novel coronavirus, has had a significant impact on Pakistan since it first emerged in late 2019. As of March 2023, Pakistan has recorded over 2.8 million cases and over 62,000 deaths due to the virus. In this article, we will discuss the impact of COVID-19 on Pakistan, including the government’s response, the healthcare system’s capacity, and the economic consequences.

Government Response

The Pakistani government was quick to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. In February 2020, the government set up a National Coordination Committee on COVID-19 to oversee the country’s response. The committee included representatives from the federal and provincial governments, the military, and other stakeholders.

The government implemented several measures to control the spread of the virus. In March 2020, it closed all educational institutions and banned large gatherings. The government also enforced a nationwide lockdown from late March to early May, which included the closure of all non-essential businesses and the suspension of public transport. The lockdown was lifted in phases, with certain restrictions remaining in place until late 2020.

The government also launched several initiatives to support vulnerable populations during the pandemic. It provided financial assistance to low-income families, distributed food rations, and set up quarantine facilities across the country. The government also collaborated with the private sector to increase the production of medical equipment, including personal protective equipment (PPE) and ventilators.

Healthcare System Capacity

The COVID-19 pandemic put a strain on Pakistan’s healthcare system, which was already struggling with limited resources and infrastructure. The government launched a National Action Plan for COVID-19 in March 2020 to strengthen the healthcare system’s capacity to deal with the pandemic.

The government established COVID-19 testing and treatment facilities across the country, including dedicated hospitals and isolation wards. It also increased the number of healthcare workers and provided them with PPE and other essential equipment. The government also collaborated with international organizations to procure vaccines, which were rolled out in phases starting in February 2021.

Despite these efforts, Pakistan’s healthcare system has been overwhelmed by the pandemic, with hospitals facing shortages of beds, oxygen, and other essential resources. The high demand for healthcare services has also led to an increase in the cost of medical treatment, making it difficult for low-income families to access essential care.

Economic Consequences

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on Pakistan’s economy. The country’s GDP contracted by 0.4% in the fiscal year 2020-21, the first contraction in nearly seven decades. The pandemic has led to job losses, business closures, and a decline in economic activity, particularly in the services and tourism sectors.

The government launched several initiatives to support businesses and stimulate economic activity during the pandemic. It provided financial assistance to small and medium-sized enterprises, lowered interest rates, and launched a relief package for the construction industry. The government also collaborated with international organizations to provide debt relief and financial assistance to the country.

Despite these efforts, Pakistan’s economy continues to face challenges due to the pandemic. The high inflation rate and rising prices of essential goods and services have made it difficult for low-income families to make ends meet. The pandemic has also widened the existing economic disparities, with vulnerable populations facing the brunt of the economic consequences.


In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on Pakistan, affecting the healthcare system, the economy, and the livelihoods of millions of people. The government’s response to the pandemic has been commendable, with initiatives aimed at controlling the spread of the virus, supporting vulnerable populations, and strengthening the healthcare system’s capacity. However, the pandemic’s impact on the economy and the healthcare system’s limitations underscore the need for long-term investments

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